Environmental pressure
  • Changes in agricultural methods – particularly the prevalence of monocultures, the practice of growing genetically similar, or identical, plants over a large area, year after year – have destroyed bees’ habitats and floral diversity, thus reducing the food supply.
  • Beekeeping practices such as long-distance transporting for seasonal pollination. 
  • Climate change is also affecting the availability of food and suitable habitats. Global warming is thought to be reducing the range of some species, and extreme events and seasons may be contributing to high mortality rates in hives.